Infertility, More Common Than You Thought

Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant after having regular intercourse (sex) without birth control after one year (or after six months if a woman is 35 years or older).

Fertility means being able to become pregnant (conceive), and it involves many steps, which must work just right for a woman to become pregnant. About 90 out of 100 couples will be able to get pregnant within 12 months of trying.

More about infertility:

  • Infertility is common. Out of 100 couples in the United States, about 12 to 13 of them have trouble becoming pregnant.
  • About ten in 100 (6.1 million) women in the United States ages 15–44 have difficulty becoming pregnant or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • About one-third of infertility cases are caused by fertility problems in women, and another one-third of fertility problems are due to fertility problems in men. The other cases are caused by a mixture of male and female problems or by problems that cannot be determined.
  • Primary infertility is infertility in a woman who has never had a pregnancy.
  • Secondary infertility is infertility in a woman who has had one or more pregnancies, but cannot become pregnant again.

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